Technology and Engineering
  • ISSN: 2333-2581
  • Modern Environmental Science and Engineering

Hydrological Modeling of the Cambamba Watershed in Angola Using the HEC-HMS Model

Arlon André1,2, and Vivaldo Palanga2

1. Civil Engineering Department, Hydraulics, Water Resources, and Environment Division, Faculty of Engineering, University of Porto, Portugal

2. Group of Hydrology and Water Resources, Faculty of Engineering, Agostinho Neto University, Angola

Abstract: When evaluating the impact of climate change on water resources in river basins it is crucial to accurately estimate the availability of water and such can be attained through hydrological modeling of the basin. The studies of the Hydrological Modeling System (HEC-HMS) for the Cambamba River Basin in Angola has been calibrated and validated for the prediction of its hydrologic response. Due to the complexity of Hydrologic models, a good calibration of the model should be established, therefore, improving its skills and effectiveness. A combination of both the energy budget and a physically-based rainfall-runoff model, which are used for the estimation of lake evaporation, were applied in the lake water balance model. Soil storage, as well as groundwater storage coefficient, are essential parameters for estimating the simulated streamflow. For an adequate performance evaluation of the model which entails the simulation of the streamflow on Cambamba watershed and quantification of water availability, The Nash-Sutcliffe model efficiency criterion; root mean square error; percentage error in volume PEV; and percentage error in peak PEP, were implemented. Model performance is improved by using semiannual parameter sets that consider the change in hydrological conditions, as evaluated in this study.


Key words: HEC-HMS, watershed, rainfall-runoff, flood hazards

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