Technology and Engineering
  • ISSN: 2333-2581
  • Modern Environmental Science and Engineering

An Analysis of Burned Areas in the Region of Cantabria, Northern Spain: 2016-2017

David López Trullén1, David Sanchez1, and Javier Espinosa2

1. ITD Medioambiente, S.L., Spain

2. Forest Service Chief, Government of Cantabria, Spain

Abstract: Mapping the burned areas in Cantabria (Spain) is an arduous task, mainly due to its complex orography, with hard-to-reach areas, and the existence of a large number of fires occurring in a short period of time. These amount to an average of 650 fires and 8,500 hectares burned annually for the reference period 2006-2015. The use of sensors on board satellites provides important advantages for the detection of burned areas. The incorporation of new earth observation satellites within the framework of the European Space Agency's Copernicus program makes it possible to implement an operating system for determining burned areas from earth observation data. The Directorate General for the Natural Environment of the Government of Cantabria in collaboration with the company ITD Medioambiente, with its “Project for the Analysis and Quantification of the Condition of Forest Fires Through Sensors Aboard Satellites”, has developed a methodology for mapping of the surfaces burned in the region during the period 2016-2017. An evaluation has been made of the reliability obtained through statistical on-site sampling. The results have been compared with those obtained using traditional methods. In addition, the link between the mapping obtained and the number of forest fires has been analyzed.

Key words: remote sensing, burned areas, sentinel, Copernicus, processing level, L1C, Cantabria, image processing, parallel programming, C/C++

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