• ISSN: 2155-7950
  • Journal of Business and Economics

The Political Business Cycle in Asian Countries

Ling-Chun Hung
(Department of Political Science, National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan (R.O.C.)

Abstract: The political business cycle (PBC) theory argues that an incumbent party tends to use government resources to impress voters, so government spending always rises before but declines after an election. Many PBC studies have been done for an individual country or cross-countries, but the results are conflicting. The purpose of this paper is to explore possible fluctuating patterns of government spending in response to political elections in Asian countries because of a lack of studies across this region. In this study, data on 219 elections in 26 countries from 1990 to 2014 are collected. There are two main findings: firstly, government spending falls the year after elections in Asian countries; secondly, the degree of democracy and transparency have impacts on government spending in Asian countries.

Key words: political business cycle; election cycle; government spending; government expenditure; Asian

         JEL code: H51

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