Technology and Engineering
  • ISSN: 2333-2581
  • Modern Environmental Science and Engineering

Experiences and Proposals for the Application of Concentrated Solar Energy in the Processing of Materials

Omar Alvarez B.1, Arturo Barba P.2, Armando Rojas M.3, Alfonso Vázquez V.4, Gloria Rodríguez D.5, and Raúl
Valdez N.2
1. Posgrado de Ingeniería. UNAM, Ciudad de México, México
2. Centro de Ingeniería de Superficies y Acabados. (CENISA) Facultad de Ingeniería UNAM, México

3. Departamento de Termofluidos. Facultad de Ingeniería, UNAM

4. Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Metalúrgicas. Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, España

5. ETS Ingenieros Industriales, Ciudad Real, Universidad de Castilla La Mancha, España

Abstract: Different experiences described are related to research works based on the application of concentrated solar energy (CSE). The experiences described are associated with quenching processes, layer generation processes by means of powder melting (cladding), self-propagated synthesis to obtain intermetallics, the formation of nitride layers of titanium in an atmosphere of Nitrogen, nitriding of steel and cast iron, the sintering of metals and ceramics, some processes of reduction of oxides and of welding, allotropy of metallic solid solutions; every one using CSE as the heat source. There are also experiences related to hybrid heat source processes such as electric induction and CSE hardening. At the end of the description, an evaluation of all these possibilities is carried out and proposals are issued on those that seem most promising and viable at this time. 

  We believe that CSE has a very promising future as an important resource to be used in industrial processes according to the needs of a better environment, as a relevant way to reduce energy consumption taking advantage of the unique opportunities offered.

Key words: solar energy assisted processes, low environmental impact manufacturing proposals

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