• ISSN: 2155-7993
  • Journal of Modern Education Review

A Review of Community and the Outlook of Community Social Approach

Noriko Takahashi1, Shuji Iizima2 , Mitsuhiko Bando2
(1. Department of Disaster Psychiatry, Fukushima University, Japan; 2. Kyushu University, Japan)

Abstract: In this study, following quantitative and qualitative reviews of the Japanese academic literature on “community”, the authors chronologically identified the fundamental theoretical concepts of community they found. They, then, categorized the studies found by academic field to consider the future of community-related research in clinical psychology in Japan. They found that, although advances made in community theoretical research after the period of rapid economic growth in the aftermath of World War II, these were criticized as naïve. However, in the research that burgeoned after the collapse of the Japanese bubble economy in the early 1990s, the study of communities changed with the realization that this study is embedded in a changing world. This was reflected in changes in the terminology used to describe the coalescence of multiple selves. During this historical transition, much knowledge was accumulated from community-based research looking at solutions to social problems, human relationships, and education and training. The authors anticipate the development of a “socio-community-based approach” to community research in clinical psychology, which will draw on knowledge from similar research in fields such as social welfare, sociology, and cultural anthropology.
Key words: community-based approach, community theory, socio-community-based approach

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